Chad is a landlocked Country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya on the north, Sudan on the east, Central African Republic on the south, Cameroon and Nigeria on the southwest and Niger on the west. It is the fifth largest Country in Africa in terms of land size.
Chad has 3 main regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanian Savannah in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second-largest in Africa. The capital N’Djamena is the largest city in the Country.
Chad’s official languages are Arabic and French.
Because of its distance from the sea and the Country’s predominantly desert climate, Chad is sometimes referred to as the “Dead Heart of Africa”.
The main physical structure of this fascinating Country is a wide basin bounded to the north and east by the Ennedi Plateau and Tibesti Mountains, which include Emi Koussi, a dormant volcano that reaches 3,414 metres (11,201 ft) above sea level. Lake Chad, is the remains of an immense lake that occupied 330,000 square kilometres (130,000 sq mi) of the Chad Basin circa 7,000 years ago. Although throughout the centuries Lake Chad’s size considerably shrank to “only” 17,806 square kilometres (6,875 sq mi), and its surface area is subject to heavy seasonal fluctuations, the lake is Africa’s second largest wetland.
Each year a tropical weather system known as the intertropical front crosses Chad from south to north, bringing the wet season that lasts from late May to October in the southern region, and from June to September in the Sahel (central part of the Country).
The Sahara gives way to a Sahelian belt in Chad’s centre. In the Sahel, a steppe , mainly thorny bushes (mostly acacias), gradually gives way to the south to East Sudanian savannah in Chad’s Sudanese zone.
There are lots of interesting itineraries that Chad offers, but even though the Country is currently considered safe, we strongly recommend to travel with a very expert guide and strictly follow and respect the rules of this mostly Muslim Country.
A tour starting in ‘Ndjamena (the capital) continuing to the Ennedi Plateau (with its geological structures resembling the shapes of towers, pillars, bridges and arches) ending in the Guelta d’Archei, an important water reservoir, will offer you some of the most stunning scenery you can ever imagine.
If you love wildlife, and we certainly do, you can opt for a hidden gem, something unique that will kick you back in the past, in a time when Africa and wildlife were unexplored and pristine, wild and authentic.
There are very few places left nowadays that can still convey that unique genuine feeling and Zakouma is for sure one of these.
Discover Africa like you’ve never seen it before
Subscribe to our Chad mailing list for specials offers!
Be the first to know about new tours in Chad and receive specials and early bird discounts!